26 Play not the hypocrite before men; over your lips keep watch. The work was known to the rabbinic tradition, and indeed Ben Sira is cited in the Talmud and related literature on about a dozen occasions. 4 For his trustworthiness and meekness God selected him from all mankind; 11 He who fears the LORD will have a happy end; even on the day of his death he will be blessed. He brought down upon them a miracle, and consumed them with his flaming fire. 12 The beginning of wisdom is fear of the LORD, which is formed with the faithful in the womb. Un ami fidèle n’a pas de prix, sa valeur est inestimable. 15 Choicest of blessings is a modest wife, priceless her chaste person. 2 Fall not into the grip of desire, lest, like fire, it consume your strength; 17 NOAH, found just and perfect, renewed the race in the time of devastation. 16 Wickedness changes a woman's looks, and makes her sullen as a female bear. 18 The root of wisdom is fear of the LORD; her branches are length of days. When he assumed the royal crown, he battled To our great fortune, portions of six medieval manuscripts were discovered in the Cairo Genizah, commencing in 1896. 10 Yet these also were godly men whose virtues have not been forgotten; Lest she become pregnant in her father’s house, or be sterile in that of her husband. - Gave new strength to Jacob and saved him by their faith and hope. So he gave to Jacob a remnant, to David a root from his own family. 1 Say nothing harmful, small or great; be not a foe instead of a friend; Ben Sira criticises Solomon for surrendering himself to women, but surprisingly, Ben Sira does not mention at all that Solomon’s wives were foreigners. Survivors following the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD fled to Masada, a fortress on a mountain plateau built by Herod near the Dead Sea. 19 All the people of the land would shout for joy, praying to the Merciful One, THE WISDOM OF BEN SIRA (ECCLESIASTICUS) The Wisdom of Ben Sira derives its title from the author, “Yeshua [Jesus], son of Eleazar, son of Sira” (50:27). 1 With three things I am delighted, for they are pleasing to the LORD and to men: Except his sons and them alone, generation after generation, for all time. He established him in honor and crowned him with lofty majesty; 21 For this reason, God promised him with an oath that in his descendants the nations would be blessed, 24 May his goodness toward us endure in Israel as long as the heavens are above. Welcome to www.bensira.org, the website devoted to the ancient and medieval Hebrew manuscripts of the book of Ben Sira. 25 Put your feet into her fetters, and your neck under her yoke. I, Jesus, son of Eleazar, son of Sirach, as they gushed forth from my heart's understanding. Lest in her youth she remain unmarried, or when she is married, lest she be childless; At God's word he established the kingdom and anointed princes to rule the people. 9: C'est lui qui l'a créée; il l'a vue et il l'a nombrée. 12 Through God's covenant with them their family endures, their posterity, for their sake. The Wisdom Literature included in the following order: the Books of Job, Psalms, Proverbs, La meilleure citation de Ben Sira préférée des internautes. 21 Thus two governments came into being, when in Ephraim kingship was usurped. Breeches and tunic and robe with pomegranates around the hem, Livre de Ben Sira le Sage (ou "l'Ecclésiastique") chapitre 2 versets 15-18 "Ceux qui craignent le Seigneur ne transgressent pas ses paroles, ceux qui l'aiment observent ses voies. 17 Yet even God’s holy ones must fail in recounting the wonders of the LORD, 15 As a trustworthy prophet he was sought out and his words proved him true as a seer. Clicking on the image of any folio or column will spawn a new tab with the image in full view; clicking on that image in turn will provide for a zoom view. 3 In his time the reservoir was dug, the pool with a vastness like the sea's. 8 He has poured her forth upon all his works, Liste des citations de Ben Sira classées par thématique. 12 On his turban the diadem of gold, its plate wrought with the insignia of holiness, 18 During his reign Sennacherib led an invasion and sent his adjutant; : une lecture de Siracide 7 (9782343110684) de Paulin Poucouta et sur le rayon L'univers de la Bible, La Procure. 7 Like the sun shining upon the temple, like the rainbow appearing in the cloudy sky; 12 But if you are brought low, he turns against you and avoids meeting you. Another folio which deserves special comment is MS C, folio VII, recto and verso. 7 and subdued the enemy on every side. 1 The greatest among his brethren, the glory of his people, was SIMON the priest, son of Jochanan, 10 Then, too, the TWELVE PROPHETS - may their bones return to life from their resting place! 50. 3: La femme vertueuse est une bonne part; elle sera donnée en partage à ceux qui craignent le Seigneur. For the Most High possesses all knowledge, and sees from of old the things that are to come. 9 But of others there is no memory, for when they ceased, they ceased. 22 Depressed mind, saddened face, broken heart - this from an evil wife. Since Beentjes’s publication, however, new leaves belonging to MS C and MS D have come to light (see above), so that we have needed to renumber some of the folios. To lead the people into their inheritance, the land flowing with milk and honey. To defeat the skilled warrior and raise up the might of his people, New Brunswick, N.J., U.S.A. These Genizah materials currently are housed in Cambridge, Oxford, London, Paris, New York, and Los Angeles. 16 Some of these did what was right, but others were extremely sinful. Podcast Available for Premium Subscribers Read the Transcript. 11 When things go well, he is your other self, and lords it over your servants; 30 Her fetters will be your throne of majesty; her bonds, your purple cord. In time, the book of Ben Sira, via its Greek and then later translations, became part of the Christian Bible, where it is known as either Sirach (in Greek) or Ecclesiasticus (in Latin). 19 As though plowing and sowing, draw close to her; then await her bountiful crops. Chapters 44-50 present a refreshing history of the ancestors, patriarchs, and leaders of Israel. In a lasting covenant with him and with his family, as permanent as the heavens, They have provided us with new high-resolution digital images of the Ben Sira manuscripts and/or have generously allowed us to incorporate them into this website for public use. 22 But God does not withdraw his mercy, nor permit even one of his promises to fail. upon every living thing according to his bounty; he has lavished her upon his friends. 1 After him came NATHAN who served in the presence of David. All told, we now possess about two-thirds of the Hebrew original of Ben Sira (one estimate calculates about 2210 cola out of about 3220 cola in the complete Greek version of Ben Sira), with considerable overlap between and among the various manuscripts. 2 Like the choice fat of the sacred offerings, so was DAVID in Israel. and the children of his race would be remembered; 6 Stalwart men, solidly established and at peace in their own estates - 10 You are destined, it is written, in time to come to put an end to wrath before the day of the LORD, 10 Keep a strict watch over an unruly wife, lest, finding an opportunity, she make use of it; J.-C. en hébreu, mais texte original disparu. 13 And for all time their progeny will endure, their glory will never be blotted out; That he would give them an inheritance from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth. We are exceedingly grateful to the institutions and one private individual, which (who) serve as the custodians of these invaluable documents. 6 The crown of old men is wide experience; their glory, the fear of the LORD. 23 In woman was sin's beginning, and because of her we all die. 1 Now will I praise those godly men, our ancestors, each in his own time: Informations sur Ben Sira, un sage pour notre temps ? Le Siracide . 36 If you see a man of prudence, seek him out; let your feet wear away his doorstep! So she settles down before every tent peg and opens her quiver for every arrow. Then he will enlighten your mind, and the wisdom you desire he will grant. According to the now well-known story, when the British scholar-travelers and twin sisters Agnes Lewis and Margaret Gibson brought back Hebrew documents obtained in Cairo, and then showed one of them to Solomon Schechter (then Reader in Rabbinics at the University of Cambridge), the great scholar identified the first leaf of the Hebrew original of Ben Sira to come to light in the modern era. 12 Because of his merits he had as his successor a wise son, who lived in security: The current project, www.bensira.org, solves that problem by collecting all the material in a single website. 16 Glorious, too, were SHEM and SETH and ENOS; Le prophète Élie surgit comme un feu, sa parole brûlait comme une torche. 18 A lasting agreement was made with him, that never should all flesh be destroyed. 13 Worst of all sufferings is that from one's foes, worst of all vengeance is that of one's enemies: He wrote his work in Hebrew, possibly in Alexandria in Egypt in the Ptolemaic Kingdom ca. To teach the precepts to his people, and the ritual to the descendants of Israel. 19 ABRAHAM, father of many peoples, kept his glory without stain: 25 If she walks not by your side, cut her away from you. 3 No good comes to those who give comfort to the wicked, nor is it an act of mercy that they do. Their sinfulness grew more and more, 2 In his time also the wall was built with powerful turrets for the temple precincts; Les juifs et les protestants considèrent ce livre comme apocryphe, et par conséquent non canonique ; The book of Ben Sira was composed in Hebrew c. 180 B.C.E. Welcome to www.bensira.org, the website devoted to the ancient and medieval Hebrew manuscripts of the book of Ben Sira. Chapter One on Wisdom, Chapter Six on Friendship and Discipline, Chapters 25-26 on Wives and Women, and Chapter 42 on a Father's Care for his Daughter are representative of the first section. Use highlighting, underlining, and take notes while you study the bible. 0 (1) LA LOI, les Prophètes et les livres qui leur font suite nous ont transmis de nombreuses et grandes leçons, et il faut, à ce sujet, louer Israël pour son enseignement et sa sagesse. These documents were discovered at Qumran and Masada, and while they represent a much smaller amount of material, their antiquity speaks for itself, for these manuscripts date from only a century or two after the work’s original composition, that is, c. 50 B.C.E. 2 A worthy wife brings joy to her husband, peaceful and full is his life. We also gratefully acknowledge the cooperation and assistance offered by the following colleagues: a) Martin Abegg, for graciously providing transcriptions of the Cairo Genizah manuscripts in a most generous manner; b) Benjamin H. Parker, who along with Prof Abegg, provided the translations of the Cairo Genizah folios; c) Roy Brown of Accordance Software, who kindly granted us permission to use the Abegg and Parker material (originally produced for Accordance); d) Eric Reymond, for graciously providing both the transcription and the translation of the Masada manuscript; e) Shulamit Elizur for allowing us to use her transcription and translation of the newly discovered folios of MS C; f) Prof Elizur and Michael Rand for their transcription of the newly discovered folio of MS D; g) Jeremy Corley, both for the annotated bibliography and for the list of early Greek Sirach manuscripts which accompany the website; h) Joshua A. Blachorsky, for producing the detailed Index of Passages; i) Eric Reymond, for compiling the list of New Readings; and j) Benjamin G. Wright, who has served as a consultant to the project. 27 Exalt not yourself lest you fall and bring upon you dishonor; 3 God wrought swift miracles at his words and sustained him in the king's presence. Who brought ruin to Ephraim 4 Did he not by his power stop the sun, so that one day became two? 14 By the law of the LORD he judged the nation, when he visited the encampments of Jacob. 5 To whom has wisdom's root been revealed? He would be heard within the sanctuary, 18 He searches out the abyss and penetrates the heart; their secrets he understands. Note added in May 2020: Since the website was launched in December 2013, Eric Reymond (Yale University) has worked assiduously to identify new readings in the Ben Sira manuscripts. Heureux est le mari d'une femme vertueuse, et le nombre de ses jours sera doublé. 6 You sent kings down to destruction, and nobles, from their beds of sickness. No part of the New American Bible may be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the copyright owner. 9 You were taken aloft in a whirlwind, in a chariot with fiery horses. To burn sacrifices of sweet odor for a memorial, and to atone for the people of Israel. 12 Their bones return to life from their resting place, and their names receive fresh luster in their children! Spécialiste fervent des Écritures saintes d'Israël, ayant beaucoup voyagé, il appartenait au monde des Sages. 6 Which he rained down upon the hostile army till on the slope he destroyed the foe; 18 My son, from your youth embrace discipline; thus will you find wisdom with graying hair. The covenant with all his forebears was confirmed, and the blessing rested upon the head of JACOB. The developers of this website are grateful to the following benefactors, all affiliated with Rutgers University, for research support: http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/nets/edition/30-sirach-nets.pdf, http://www.academic-bible.com/en/online-bibles/biblia-sacra-vulgata/read-the-bible-text/bibel/text/lesen/stelle/43///ch/21b1fc41d98dfeb7ef0f3ed4f74a96b9/, The Taylor-Schechter Genizah Research Unit of the Cambridge University Library, Bibliothèque de l’Alliance israélite universelle, Paris, The Library of the Jewish Theological Seminary, New York, Jewish Quarterly Review, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, The Deborah S. and Herbert B. Wasserman Endowed Research Award Fund, Aresty Research Center, Division of Undergraduate Academic Affairs, The Blanche and Irving Laurie Chair in Jewish History. 11 My son, keep a close watch on your daughter, lest she make you a laughingstock for your enemies, 5 Of acquiring much or little, of bargaining in dealing with a merchant; 8 He clothed him with splendid apparel, and adorned him with the glorious vestments: A blast to resound mightily as a reminder before the Most High. Ceux qui craignent le Seigneur cherchent à lui plaire, ceux qui l'aiment se rassasient de la loi. 9 Another is a friend who becomes an enemy, and tells of the quarrel to your shame. 18 There is scarce any evil like that in a woman; may she fall to the lot of the sinner! 23 If you desire wisdom, keep the commandments, and the LORD will bestow her upon you; This single folio was published by Moses Gaster in Jewish Quarterly Review (Old Series) in 1900, but unfortunately its whereabouts are now unknown. For an English translation of Sirach, the reader is directed to the rendering by Benjamin G. Wright, as part of A New English Translation of the Septuagint (NETS), under the general editorship of Albert Pietersma and Benjamin G. Wright, available online at: http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/nets/edition/30-sirach-nets.pdf. 03 Celui qui honore son père obtient le pardon de ses péchés, 4 Riche ou pauvre, il aura le cœur content ; à tout moment l’on verra son bonheur sur son visage. Though God has given his hosts the strength to stand firm before his glory. 3 He made sport of lions as though they were kids, and of bears, like lambs of the flock. 5 How splendid he was as he appeared from the tent, as he came from within the veil! All Rights Reserved. 14 No poison worse than that of a serpent, no venom greater than that of a woman. 21 God struck the camp of the Assyrians and routed them with a plague. 29 If he puts them into practice, he can cope with anything, for the fear of the LORD is his lamp. 6 Therefore the women sang his praises and ascribed to him tens of thousands. Jake@Binstein.com - JakeBinstein.com. In the end, as noted above, pages from six separate manuscripts were discovered. 180–175 BCE, where he is … 25 For each in turn, as it comes, is good; can one ever see enough of their splendor? 24 Allow water no outlet, and be not indulgent to an erring wife. 1 Heureux le mari d’une bonne épouse : le nombre de ses jours en sera doublé !. 11 Their wealth remains in their families, their heritage with their descendants; 17 When her husband sits among his neighbors, a bitter sigh escapes him unawares. 29 Because you approached the fear of the LORD with your heart full of guile. But Judah remained, a tiny people, with its rulers from the house of David. A byword in the city and the assembly of the people, an object of derision in public gatherings. 27 With all your soul draw close to her; with all your strength keep her ways. 13 Before him, no one was adorned with these, nor may they ever be worn by any Authors skilled in composition, and forgers of epigrams with their spikes; The man who finds joy in his children, and he who lives to see his enemies' downfall. Moreover, the age of Ben Sira discovery continues unabated, for several folios were identified as recently as 2007 and 2010. 12 Worst of all wounds is that of the heart, worst of all evils is that of a woman. 2 Do good to the righteous and reward will be yours, if not from them, from the Lord. One can imagine the confusion and the difficulty in examining all the textual witnesses. Even with this availability, however, anyone wishing to inspect a particular manuscript page must navigate these websites (always with multiple steps) in order to reveal the desired image. And God Most High gave answer to him in hailstones of tremendous power, 3 He turned to God with his whole heart, and, though times were evil, he practiced virtue. 20 He lacks no understanding; no single thing escapes him. Je vous exhorte donc à en faire la lecture avec bienveillance et attention, et à vous montrer indulgents dans les endroits où, malgré le soin que nous avons apporté à le traduire, nous paraîtrions avoir mal interprété quelques mots; car les termes hébreux n'ont pas la … Who fosters men's growth from their mother's womb, and fashions them according to his will! Ben Sira. From the needy do not turn your eyes; do not give them reason to curse you. A beggar’s request do not reject; do not turn your face away from the poor. 10 Like a luxuriant olive tree thick with fruit, like a cypress standing against the clouds; 3 Of sharing the expenses of a business or a journey, of dividing an inheritance or property; • Son nom complet, est la « Sagesse de Jésus Ben Sira », ou plus brièvement, la Sagesse de Sira, d’où la création du terme « Siracide », • La traduction latine de la Vulgate lui a donné le nom « Ecclésiastique », car ce livre servait à l’instruction des futurs baptisés désireux d’entrer dans l’Eglise. While originally written in Hebrew, the Book was read only through its Greek translation, known as Σειρὰχ. 5 He permitted him to hear his voice, and led him into the cloud, 3 By God's word he shut up the heavens and three times brought down fire. 22 Among wisdom's treasures is the paragon of prudence; but fear of the LORD is an abomination to the sinner. 20 A merchant can hardly remain upright, nor a shopkeeper free from sin. In light of recent discoveries, while the Book had traditionally been known as Sirach or Ecclesiasticus, the text is now called Ben Sira in view of its Hebrew origin. 8 With his every deed he offered thanks to God Most High, in words of praise. 20 But they called upon the Most High God and lifted up their hands to him; Because of his worth there were survivors, and with a sign to him the deluge ended; 20 Even when he lay buried, his guidance was sought; he made known to the king his fate, 17 Then the LORD thundered forth from heaven, and the tremendous roar of his voice was heard. Precious stones with seal engravings in golden settings, the work of the jeweler, Who knows her subtleties? 14 How wise you were when you were young, overflowing with instruction, like the Nile in flood! The composition is a collection of proverbs and teachings, written in poetry, within the well-known and widespread ancient Near Eastern tradition of wisdom literature. 10 He who finds wisdom is great indeed, but not greater than he who fears the LORD. He does not uproot the posterity of his chosen one, nor destroy the offspring of his friend. Then when you have her, do not let her go; L'auteur vivait à Jérusalem avant l'insurrection des Maccabées. When, zealous for the God of all, he met the crisis of his people 16 He, too, called upon God, and offered him a suckling lamb;